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With this arrangement the arm impact pressure of flowing water on the surface of the blades is relatively large while increasing the time of exposure of the liquid to the surface of the blades.

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The product will be inscribed in a range of products for beekeepers, and we hope that the market will succeed. The planned path of commercialization of the invention is a form of granting a license to the national producer. The formulation is unique product on the market, with proven effectiveness in enhancing immunity in the control of bees and nosemozy. License, as well as any subsequent modification or cooperation in improving the product will be beneficial both from a business and scientific point of view. The research team will have a unique opportunity to establish effective cooperation between research and development and the ability to break the negative stereotypes on the science-business. Consortium consisting of MSc.

Stanislaw Szewczykdr hab. Eng. George Coll. Piotrowski, Professor. PŚkIstota invention: Water turbine wielowirnikowa has been developed in order to use the energy contained in the small water courses. Existing water turbines operate on the principle of potential energy and kinetic energy. Is therefore cost-effective construction of water power plants in streams that have a high liquid falls, a large amount of flowing liquid and its speed.

A large number of hydroelectric power plants operating in the last century on small streams in the system worked intermittently. With the help of valve upstream of the turbine accumulated a large amount of water, which turbine blades rotate to a certain point. The amount of water in the river to decide on the frequency of repeatedly breaks the turbine. The proposed solution allows to generate electricity continuously. In addition to the use of kinetic and potential energy of the flowing liquid, the invention uses the principle of the lever and the energy from the hammer. It is known that using a rod used as a lever distance can raise a heavy object, acting smaller force than the weight of the subject.

The longer the lever allows you to use less force. As a lever in the proposed embodiment the water turbine blade act mounted on the inner drum with a relatively large diameter. Blade are mounted on the circumference of the drum in the form of a rotor. Depending on the conditions prevailing in the stream at the inner drum rotors can be mounted even dozen. The purpose of “wrap” of water around the inner drum, and the water flowing in the stream fed to the gap which forms the outer tube of the inner drum. With this arrangement the arm impact pressure of programming homework answers flowing water on the surface of the blades is relatively large while increasing the time of exposure of the liquid to the surface of the blades. Thus, in the water turbine arranged in incomplete ring, the parameters of which depend on the amount of water and decrease that can be performed in a given stream.

Water after the operation on one blade upon reaching the maximum speed strikes the next blade disposed adjacent to the rotor by increasing the moment of impact pressure on łopatę.Potencjał komejalizacyjny invention: The invention opens new possibilities for the use of the energy contained in the flowing stream. The turbines make maximum use of the kinetic energy and potential energy of the flowing liquid. It becomes unprofitable construction of hydroelectric dams on small and small flows. Unused adverse impact hammer in hydraulic systems even causing damage to the valve or the network in the invention is a desirable phenomenon. The aim of optimizing the use of hammer should be carried out a number of studies and analyzes in the research centers. There is so undeveloped energy, which can lead to many other technical solutions. Low turnover makes the device relatively safe for the environment, and rotating blades additionally clean water through aeration.

The simple design of the device, a small interference in the riverbed allows fast and inexpensive installation. The device can be fitted to most watercourses (rivers, drains water from sewage treatment plants, etc.). A consortium composed of Magdalena Piasecka, PhD. Eng., prof. PŚke-mail: [email protected] (41) 34-24-320Istota the Invention: The present invention relates to a process for the manufacture of porous structures, which causes the development of the active surface metal, such as exchanging surface ciepła.Najczęściej technology used for preparing the porous metal material is a powder metallurgy – a method of manufacture of objects from metal powders without melting. In this method, powder particles merge together to a homogenous mass during heating in a reducing atmosphere or an inert. The powder metallurgy process is most commonly used for the production of a small simple shapes, the result of which is obtained pressed components.

Powder metallurgy products are characterized by exceptional mechanical properties and wear resistance, so that they are widely used in various industries, such as m. Al. aerospace industry, wood industry, etc.. porous structures are used as filter elements or diaphragms, may be a filling of some structures are used in various chemical and physical processes. Porous structures can be used to intensify heat exchange in particular a process with phase change (which is the boiling and condensation). The analysis of the state of the art that, in the case where it is necessary to obtain a high porosity microstructure apply sintering metal particles, wherein the process is conducted at elevated temperature in a reducing atmosphere or in vacuo. These surfaces may be used for the intensification of the processes of the invention ciepła.Według exchange material is particulate metallic structures (eg. Iron, in granular form) is combined in the process of soldering with the metal surface (preferably alloy Haynes 230, or Hastelloy-X) after spreading a thin layer of a mixture of solder and flux to the surface and pressed against the structure of insulating material of high hardness (e.g., a glass plate).

Then, the metal surface is heated by means of resistance in order to warm up to a temperature above the melting point of the mixture of solder and flux. After cooling, the surface must be mechanically remove the upper layer of particulate metal structures, are not connected to solder to the substrate and under the insulating element metalowym.Przedstawiony invention allows to connect the metal structure of the porous metal surface to another, less time consuming and less expensive manner, which is also low-temperature energy-saving and does not require special equipment (such as vacuum furnaces) – by use of the brazing process using the mixture of solder and flux. A method for producing porous structures on a surface of metal products notified to the invention is particularly useful for the preparation of metal surfaces with large expansion, then it is not possible to carry out sintering of the surface in vacuum furnaces (eg. Unavailability embodiment sinter or when the surface area exceeds the size of the working chamber of the furnace ). The method makes it possible to obtain a structure with selected particulate metal material (powder, fiber), with the possibility of controlling the process for forming the structure. Appendix 3 shows the back surface of the metal porous structure (topography images and 3D) .Potencjał commercialization of the invention: The invention can find application in the construction of heat exchangers, especially more efficient, using the phenomenon of the phase change medium.

It is possible to utilize the invention for use in highly specialized devices or their components without undue effort to develop a change / adjustment of existing production processes, even using it to produce single copies will be economical. It is easy and cheap to obtain cover from the metal granulate (but also from heat-resistant ceramic or plastic) without the use of specialized equipment, such as laser equipment and machine tools. The great advantage is the potential independence from fixed installations – in field conditions, with due diligence and compliance procedures can be performed with a cover of porous structures, in virtually any location (eg. In the company of the customer). A consortium of: Krzysztof Gorecki, Janusz Zarębski, Margaret RogalskaIstota the Invention: The present invention enables a value for a parameter called thermal resistance of pulse transformers. These transformers are widely used in pulse energy conversion systems elektrycznej.Wykorzystując the measured value of the thermal resistance can be determined by the temperature of the interior of the ferromagnetic core and windings of the transformer, which determines the reliability of the element and an arrangement in which the element is operating. An important advantage of the invention is the ability to measure the thermal resistance using a simple measurement of the time waveform of electrical – voltage and current terminal concerned electronic component at certain measuring points and the appropriate mathematical calculations on the basis of developed by authors wzory.Wynalazek been the subject of patent application No.

P404668.Potencjał commercialization invention: the present invention may be used in the electronics industry in the optimization of transformer design used in pulse processing systems electricity. The invention can also be used by manufacturers of electronic measuring apparatus dedicated to the measurement of the thermal parameters of the magnetic elements. Consortium consisting of: Dr. Eng. Michael Pelczarski Summary of the Invention: The technology relates to reinforcing elements dispersed reinforcing concrete matrix and is in the form of the invention filed for patent protection.

Element zbrojący is composed of at least four arms in the shape of rods connected together at one point, which is covered with material bonding them in a permanent manner to form around them nucleus, the arms are arranged around the core symmetrically, and the volume weight of kernel (controlled degree of foaming testes) would be selected so that the average weight was very close to a volume of the grain used in the manufacture of the concrete matrix, and the maximum size of the kernel is chosen depending on the model adopted leak packing of the aggregate. In the industrial production, the line is assumed robotized welding or welding the elements 4 and 6 of the shoulders. The potential commercialization of the invention: The main markets are the result of applications: -szeroko understood industry-residential construction, industrial (industrial flooring, structures exposed to strong dynamic loads) and infrastructure (runway, bridges) -budownictwo specialist (in seismic areas and military installations type shelters, etc.) and -production prefabricated concrete elements, potential use of technology can advantageously support the anticipated growth of the Polish construction market mieszkaniowego.Jedną of the potential benefits of using the result to obtain the effect of energy efficiency resulting building, and according to European Union standards, low-energy buildings, especially passive , will become the standard for construction in all Member States the end of 2020. The invention has found a buyer and sold-commercialized. A consortium of: Celichowski Grzegorz1, Grobelny Jarosław1, Krzyżowska Małgorzata2, Orlowski Piotr2, Ranoszek-Soliwoda Katarzyna1, Tomaszewska Emilia11. Department of Technology and Materials Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Lodz, ul.

Pomorska 163, 90-236 Łódź2. Military Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology them. Gen. Charles MiniMax, ul. Kozielska 4, 01-163 WarszawaIstota invention: Viruses?

Each of his life at least once viral infection has traveled since viruses spread to virtually all possible ways, and therefore through direct contact (with secretions), air and water. Using host cells may cause him to infectious disease or death – hence the latin name of the virus “virus” means “poison.” We are constantly looking for new ways to protect against infection, but the immune system does not always work correctly. Therefore, it seems that despite the marketing of newer antiviral preparations, they are not fully effective and the most effective method of combating viral diseases are vaccinations. However, nature is not idle, and viruses are constantly mutate. The effect of this vaccine often lose their effect. It is therefore necessary to look for innovative ways to fight viruses.

A good solution can be nanoparticles of silver / copper modified polyphenols. Nanoparticles as nanomaterials are objects having a diameter below 100 nm have properties different from the corresponding objects in the macro scale. A process for producing monodisperse bimetallic nanoparticles, silver-copper of the present invention involves the reduction of an aqueous solution of silver salt and an aqueous solution of a mixture of copper polyphenols and sodium citrate, which perform the respective roles of reducing agents and stabilizers resulting nanoparticles. Changing the molar ratios of the reactants allows to control the size of the nanoparticles obtained without affecting the degree of polydispersity. While toxicity studies indicate that the resulting product can be used safely in dealing with living organisms. Surprisingly, it was also found that the resulting nanoparticles are bimetallic have a higher antiviral activity than that expected from the sum of the effects of the individual components when applied individually, which is associated with the formation of a unique complex nanoparticles are bimetallic-polfenole (synergistic Ag / CuNP-polyphenols), which has higher affinity to the surface of the virus.

Higher affinity to the viral particles is effectively blocking the interaction of the virus – a host cell, and thus more effective action of bimetallic nanoparticles przeciwwirusowe.W particular silver-copper-modified polyphenols are used as a formulation for the treatment of genital herpes – infection with HSV-2. However they have been known previously antiviral properties of silver nanoparticles, nanoparticles of copper, and polyphenols used alone, but the described method of synthesis of bimetallic nanoparticles using a mixture of sodium citrate and polyphenols leads to the formation of a unique complex of polyphenols-nanoparticles, which has a stronger antiviral activity than the additive effect of the individual components of separately. The described complex can also be obtained by modifying the bimetallic nanoparticles obtained in the w / w method, including polyphenols. In addition, the complex formed bimetallic nanoparticles, silver-copper with hydrolysable tannins and condensed exhibits anti-inflammatory, bactericidal, virucidal and grzybobójcze.Potencjał commercialization of the invention: the formulation prepared by the team has a unique virucidal properties at a concentration of only 20 thousandths of a gram per kilogram of solution and the concentration is non-toxic human skin cells. It can therefore be used as an ingredient of cosmetics and drugs for significant acceleration of the healing process of the skin infected with a herpes virus.


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